Advanced Topics on Three-dimensional Ultrasound in Obstetrics and Gynaecology

Three-dimensional Virtual Sonographic and Magnetic Resonance Imaging in Obstetrics

Author(s): Heron Werner Junior, Lopes Dos Santos and Edward Araujo Junior

Pp: 227-238 (12)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681082097116010019

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Advances in image-scanning technology have led to vast improvements in fetal evaluation. Ultrasound is the primary method of fetal assessment because it is patient-friendly, useful, cost effective, and considered to be safe. Three-dimensional (3D) ultrasound can be used as an important tool for diagnostic and prognostic evaluation. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is generally used when ultrasound cannot provide sufficiently high-quality images. It offers high-resolution fetal images with excellent contrast that allow the visualization of internal tissues. 3D MRI can be an important tool in the reconstruction of virtual and physical fetal models.

Keywords: Fetus, Fetoscopy, Magnetic resonance imaging, Physical models, Ultrasound, Virtual bronchoscopy, Virtual models.

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