Careful and detailed history is the key to accurate diagnosis. Children with neurological disorders may have long clinical course, multiple symptoms, and complicated histories. Therefore, an organized approach to history taking is required. It is a good practice to keep a problem list that would prioritize various manifestation and complications. Disorders that are inactive or remote should be lower on the list. This chapter deals with the organization and important details in the history taking of children with neurological complaints. History of the most commonly encountered disorders, such as developmental delay, epilepsy, and cerebral palsy, is described in details in the designated chapters.
Keywords: Neurological, History taking, Presenting illness, Problem list, System review, Development, Past medical/Family history, Social history.