Soluble Factors Mediating Innate Immune Responses to HIV Infection

The Complement System and HIV-1 Infection

Author(s): Heribert Stoiber, Zoltan Banki and Doris Wilflingseder

Pp: 145-155 (11)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805006211001010145

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Already at the endothelial barrier of the host, HIV triggers responses of the innate immune system. A prominent component of the innate immunity is the complement system, which is immediately activated upon viral entry. Although the complement contributes to the control of viral replication by various strategies, HIV has evolved mechanisms to escape from complement-meditated neutralization and turns this part of the immune system to its advantage. Here we discuss the complex interactions of complement and complement receptors with HIV and review the escape mechanisms, which protect HIV from complement-mediated destruction.

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