Common Pediatric Diseases: Current Challenges

Meconium Stained Newborn

Author(s): Mohammad Moonis Akbar Faridi* and Sumaiya Shamsi

Pp: 145-168 (24)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815124187123020011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Meconium Stained Amniotic Fluid (MSAF) and Meconium Aspiration Syndrome (MAS) in newborn are commonly encountered by obstetricians and neonatologists world over, and more so in developing countries. MAS is a serious condition as it causes severe respiratory morbidity and complications like air leak, pneumothorax, Persistent Pulmonary Hypertension (PPHN), surfactant inactivation and death in many cases. There have been several changes in the management of pregnant mothers and their neonates, as well as in the endotracheal suctioning guidelines for babies born with MSAF ever since the pathogenesis of intra-uterine passage of meconium and meconium aspiration syndrome, and evidence on intervention outcomes became known. This chapter shall review the mechanism of meconium stained amniotic fluid, the pathophysiology of meconium aspiration syndrome and management of the newborn infant in the labor room, NICU and beyond, as per the present consensus. Potential newer therapies and drugs shall also be briefly addressed.

Keywords: Amniotic fluid, Chemical pneumonitis, ECMO, Endotracheal suction, Fetal distress, High-frequency ventilation, Inhaled nitric oxide, Meconium stained amniotic fluid, Meconium staining, Meconium aspiration, Meconium aspiration syndrome, Mecometer, Meconiumcrit, Neonatal pneumothorax, Non-vigorous infant, NRP, Persistent pulmonary hypertension, Respiratory distress, Surfactant, Vigorous infant.

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