Frontiers in Anatomy

Anatomy of Extraoral Techniques

Author(s): Plauto C. A. Watanabe, Emiko S. Arita, Angela J. Camargo and Marina G. Baladi

Pp: 56-76 (21)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681086217118010007

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The radiographic image must be recorded appropriately to aid in the organization of the thoughts of the one who interprets the image and so that it may be useful for other purposes. In order to evaluate the pathological condition, the radiographic image of the normal anatomical structure must be correctly known. The extraoral techniques allow to cover a larger area of the maxillo-mandibular complex, mainly allowing to evaluate the extension of certain pathologies, and the comparison between the sides of the patient.

Keywords: Axial, Cephalometric Lateral, Cranial, Maxillo-mandibular complex, Panoramic radiography, Postero-anterior, TMJ.

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