Dendrimers are monodispersed macromolecules, also known as cascade molecules, arborols or starburst polymers. The term dendrimers derives from the Greek language (dendron = tree, meros = part) and exploits two qualities that are frequently observed in many naturally occurring systems: globular structure and polyvalence. Herein is presented a conspectus on the field of dendrimers, including preparation and functionalization methods, as well as detailed examples on several promising applications with 291 references provided. Some synthetic details on the preparation of state-of-the-art compounds are given as well.
Keywords: Dendrimers, Drug delivery, Nanocarriers, Nanocatalysts, Starburst polymers.