Future Trends For Top Materials

Phthalocyanines as Top Materials

Author(s): Mário J. F. Calvete

Pp: 3-77 (75)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681081243116010004

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Phthalocyanines are colored aromatic macrocycles, composed of four iminoisoindoline units, giving origin to a highly conjugated planar macrocycle, known for its remarkable stability. Their remarkable features have rendered them wide attention, which continues to live on nowadays. Herein is presented a conspectus on the field of phthalocyanines, where emphasis is set on their preparation methods, along with more detailed examples on several promising applications with 418 references provided. Some synthetic details on the preparation of state-of-the-art compounds are given as well.

Keywords: Biomedicine dyes, Energy materials, Phthalocyanines, Subphthalocyanines.

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