The Biotechnology Industry in Brazil is of the size of some State sectors in the US. The one that is closest to the size of the Biotechnology in Brazil is Georgia. Eighty five% of the Biotechnology companies in Brazil have up to fifty employees and revenues of slightly above 1 million US $ /annually. Eighty% of these companies are located in three states: São Paulo, Minas Gerais and Rio de Janeiro (Br Biotech 2011). The academic Biotechnology sector in Brazil is however relevant. Forty eighty Graduate Courses are recognized by the Agency specialized to deal with Education in Brazil: CAPESCoordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nivel Superior (CAPES 2013).
Keywords: Biotechnology, Agriculture, Pharmaceutical Industry, Regulatory System, Biopharmaceuticals, Biological Diversity Convention, Public Perception of GM plants, The Patent system in Brazil, Plant Variety Protection Law, Partnering of biotech, SELIC rate.