Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oils

Essential Oils’ Biosynthesis and their Application

Author(s): Sandeep Negi*, Ajeet Kumar Srivastav and Lakshmi Bala

Pp: 95-123 (29)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815136203124010008

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Essential oils are natural plant products that have a wide range of applications in various fields like medicine, flavors, fragrance, etc. Their wide range of uses benefits people by exhibiting a variety of diverse properties like anti-allergic, antiinflammatory, antiviral, antibacterial, insect repellent, anticancer, anti-oxidant, and many more. They are also crucial to plants in terms of function. They are aromatic and are present in plants inside specialized cells or glands. Their biosynthesis occurs in the leaves and is present inside them until flowering. After the flowering of the plant, these oils get transferred to the flowers. These essential oils can be extracted using a variety of techniques, including solvent applications, steam distillation, and more. The quality and amount of essential oils in plants are affected by a variety of circumstances. These factors include the development stage of plants, the effect of UV radiation, the effect of Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, the effect of light quality, the effect of salt stress, and the effect of fertilizers.

Keywords: Anticancer, Anti-oxidant, Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi, Essential oils, UV radiations.

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