1.1. INTRODUCTION TO THERMODYNAMICS, FLUID FLOW,
AND HEAT TRANSFER
Thermodynamics, fluid flow, and heat transfer not only play an important role in science and engineering but also in everyday life. For example, gasoline vehicles operate on the Otto cycle, residential air-conditioners are developed based on the vapor-compression refrigeration cycle, steam turbines are the central unit in traditional power plants, and flow meters and pipe flows are inherent in both industrial and residential applications.