Population increase, shrinkage of arable land and available resources have led to the development of genetically modified plants for improving food quality and quantity. Cultivation of genetically modified plants has been reported to improve the socio- economic condition of farmers around the globe and their cultivated area has increased constantly. Important food, and feed crops are genetically engineered for improving the nutritional quality, cooking/edible quality, herbicide tolerance, shelf life, pest and disease resistance. Besides several advantages, the impact of genetically modified plants on human health, environment, social and political conditions needs to be addressed. Educating common public towards genetically modified plants and their safe use; framing proper policies and strict regulations towards transgene escape, loss of diversity, non-target effects will empower the society to relish the benefits of genetically modified plants.