The total amount of crustaceans, mainly the decapods, from fishery and culture consist a serious part of the global fisheries and aquaculture production. Richest and poorest countries are included between the top ten shrimp-producing countries in the world. The management of some shrimp fisheries is effectually carried out and provides the potential profits of fisheries’ management. Several problems are connected with shrimps culture, like the increasing demand for this seafood, growing number of unfamiliar diseases, a narrow capability to front the several diseases, inadequate post-harvest treatment of “wild” organisms and an increasing legislative charge regarding the marketing of live animals, indicating a clear warning for the future sustainability of this cultivation.
Keywords: Aquaculture, Crustaceans, Decapods, Deseases, Fishery.