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Current Alzheimer Research


ISSN (Print): 1567-2050
ISSN (Online): 1875-5828

Brain Perfusion SPECT with Brodmann Areas Analysis in Differentiating Frontotemporal Dementia Subtypes

Author(s): Varvara Valotassiou, John Papatriantafyllou, Nikolaos Sifakis, Chara Tzavara, Ioannis Tsougos, Dimitrios Psimadas, Eftychia Kapsalaki, Ioannis Fezoulidis, George Hadjigeorgiou and Panagiotis Georgoulias

Volume 11, Issue 10, 2014

Page: [941 - 954] Pages: 14

DOI: 10.2174/1567205011666141107125104

Price: $65


Despite the known validity of clinical diagnostic criteria, significant overlap of clinical symptoms between Frontotemporal dementia (FTD) subtypes exists in several cases, resulting in great uncertainty of the diagnostic boundaries. We evaluated the perfusion between FTD subtypes using brain perfusion 99mTc-HMPAO SPECT with Brodmann areas (BA) mapping. NeuroGamTM software was applied on single photon emission computed tomographic (SPECT) studies for the semi-quantitative evaluation of perfusion in BA and the comparison with the software’s normal database. We studied 91 consecutive FTD patients: 21 with behavioural variants (bvFTD), 39 with language variants (lvFTD) [12 with progressive non-fluent aphasia (PNFA), 27 with semantic dementia (SD)], and 31 patients with progressive supranuclear palsy (PSP)/corticobasal degeneration (CBD). Stepwise logistic regression analyses showed that the BA 28L and 32R could independently differentiate bvFTD from lvFTD, while the BA 8R and 25R could discriminate bvFTD from SD and PNFA, respectively. Additionally, BA 7R and 32R were found to discriminate bvFTD from CBD/PSP. The only BA that could differentiate SD from PNFA was 6L. BA 6R and 20L were found to independently differentiate CBD/PSP from lvFTD. Moreover, BA 20L and 22R could discriminate CBD/PSP from PNFA, while BA 6R, 20L and 45R were found to independently discriminate CBD/PSP from SD. Brain perfusion SPECT with BA mapping can be a useful additional tool in differentiating FTD variants by improving the definition of brain areas that are specifically implicated, resulting in a more accurate differential diagnosis in atypical or uncertain forms of FTD.

Keywords: Brain perfusion imaging, brodmann areas, frontotemporal dementia, SPECT.

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