Frontiers in Clinical Drug Research: Anti-Infectives

Volume: 2

Drug Delivery Systems for Vaginal Infections

Author(s): Sandra Borges, Joana Barbosa and Paula Teixeira

Pp: 233-258 (26)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681081533116020009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Vaginal infections are one of the most common gynecological problems. The lower female genital tract can be infected by various pathogens such as virus (human immunodeficiency virus, HIV), bacteria (Gardnerella vaginalis), fungi (Candida spp.) or parasites (Trichomonas vaginalis).

The vagina is the local site for the delivery of therapeutic agents. Depending on the antimicrobial agents, different dosage forms have been developed, comprising of douches, creams, ointments, gels, foams, tablets, ovules, rings, tampons and, more recently, vaginal films. Innovative approaches, like encapsulation technologies, have emerged in an attempt to overcome several limitations of the existing systems for vaginal administration of therapeutic agents.

This review explores the antimicrobial agents that can be used for vaginal infections therapy, the various vaginal dosage forms to deliver these therapeutic agents, their advantages and limitations and the novel advances in the area of vaginal drug delivery.

Keywords: Antimicrobials, encapsulation, mucoadhesion, therapeutic systems, vaginal delivery, vaginal dosage forms, vaginal infection, vaginal tract.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy