BODIPY dyes are structures based on two pyrrolic units linked through a methine bridge, complexated with boron(III) fluoride. These dyes posses usually a strong fluorescence, absorbing light in the visible range, and are known for their remarkable photophysical properties, gaining recognition as one of the highly versatile fluorophores with increasing popularity. Herein is presented a conspectus on the field of BODIPY dyes, where emphasis is set on their preparation and functionalization methods, along with more detailed examples on several promising applications with 165 references provided. Some synthetic details on the preparation of state-of-the-art compounds are given as well.
Keywords: Biolabeling, Bodipy, Boron dipyrromethene, Dyes, Fluorescence, Methine bridge, Pyrrole, Sensors, Solar cells.