The Medical Lives of History`s Famous People

Porphyria: The Cause of the Madness of King George

Author(s): William James Maloney

Pp: 41-46 (6)

DOI: 10.2174/9781608059362114010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


King George III was the reigning monarch of Great Britain who had his troops vanquished by the colonial forces during the American War for Independence. At age 50, George III began experiencing various symptoms including insomnia, stupor, restlessness, and headaches. His systems disappeared and he mysteriously recovered. Symptoms returned over a decade later and eventually led to King George III losing the royal throne. Modern research shows that the cause of King George IIIʼs illness was porphyria. Porphyrias are a group of rare diseases. This group of diseases is characterized by an enzyme deficiency in the heme biosynthesis pathway.

Keywords: Constipation, convulsions, dark red urine, delirium, fever, heme, insanity, insomnia, low blood pressure, parliament, porphyria, stupor, tachycardia, visual problems, weak limbs.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy