Regenerative periodontal therapy aims to predictably restore the tooth's supporting periodontal tissues and should result in the formation of a new connective tissue attachment (i.e. new cementum with inserting periodontal ligament fibres) and new alveolar bone. This chapter aims to address the clinical application of bone grafts on periodontal regenerative approaches, with given relevance to the use of calcium phosphate ceramics. Furthermore, a clinical case is presented in which the regenerative capability of a glass-reinforced hydroxyapatite (Bonelike®) is thoroughly evaluated by clinical and tomographic measurements in the healing of a periodontal intrabony defect.
Keywords: Calcium phosphate materials, intrabony periodontal defects, periodontal regeneration, autografts, allografts, alloplasts, Bonelike®, bone graft, bioactive glass, bone regeneration, bone fill, calcium phosphate materials, hydroxyapatite, intrabony defects, open flap debridement, periodontal regeneration, probing depth, periodontal defect, periodontal surgery, tricalcium phosphate.