Free Radical Biomedicine: Principles, Clinical Correlations, and Methodologies

Free Radicals and Related Reactive Species in Renal Diseases

Author(s): Y. Robert Li

Pp: 202-216 (15)

DOI: 10.2174/978160805322311201010202

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Kidney diseases are broadly classified into acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. They collectively affect approximately 10% of the adult population in the United States and worldwide, and represent a major issue of public health. As our understanding of the pathophysiology of kidney diseases becomes more advanced, various new mechanistically-based therapeutic strategies for treating these diseases have been developed. This chapter summarizes experimental and clinical evidence supporting a causative role of oxidative stress in the pathophysiology of both acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease. It also discusses the recent development of antioxidant-based intervention of kidney disorders.

Keywords: Acute kidney injury, Antioxidant intervention, Chronic kidney disease, Nephrotoxicity, Oxidative stress, Reactive nitrogen species, Reactive oxygen species, Renal diseases.

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