Opportunities for Biotechnology Research and Entrepreneurship

Bioremedial Approach to the Mitigation of Environmental Pollution

Author(s): S. K. Jasmine Shahina* and Summera Rafiq

Pp: 183-206 (24)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815196115124010011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Anthropogenic events have caused environment all around the world to deteriorate, rendering them unsuited for the existence of indigenous biological species. Over the last few decades, environmental contamination seems to have been a prominent subject of concern, affecting the wellbeing of people. The environments have been gravely damaged by excessive industrialization, inappropriate farming techniques, and unregulated release of contaminants into soil and aquatic bodies. As a result, there has been poor utilization of natural resources, increase in deforestation, a decline of flora and fauna, drinking water scarcity, and significant economic losses which are challenging. The need to develop innovative, eco-friendly, low-cost, and much more effective environmental remediation technologies emerged as a result of environmental pollution. Microbes are well recognised for their propensity to degrade and absorb a broad range of organic chemicals and are now utilized to clean up environmental pollution through the process of 'bioremediation'. The bioremediation process involves a variety of microorganisms that help in degradation, eradication, immobilization, or detoxification of different chemical pollutants from the environment. Bioremediation methods are widely used and are still increasing at an enormous speed nowadays. Entrepreneurship can be developed by commercializing bioremediation in saving the environment.

Keywords: Biopile, Bioslurping, Biosparging, Bioventing, Entrepreneurship, Environmental pollution, Nano bioremediation, Polychlorinated biphenyls, Soil vapour extraction, Sustainability, Windrows.

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