Aromatherapy: The Science of Essential Oils

Therapeutic Applications and Pharmacological Practices of Essential Oils

Author(s): Pragati Misra*, Suchit Ashish John, Shailesh Marker, Shikha Agnihotry, Ajeet Kumar Srivastav, Alka Sagar and Pradeep Kumar Shukla

Pp: 207-275 (69)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815136203124010011

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


When referring to a drug's active component as “Quinta essential,” Paracelsus von Hohenheim, a Swiss physician used the word “essential oil” for the very first time in the sixteenth century. Plant oils and extracts have been utilised for a variety of purposes for thousands of years. Essential oils have long been used in traditional medicine and by practitioners of alternative rejuvenation approaches. Because of their considerable immunomodulatory and antibacterial action, they have been used for many years to treat various ailments. Many volatile chemicals generated by plant secondary metabolism combine to make essential oils. Components of essential oil may be classified into two related types on a biosynthetic level. The two primary groups are terpene or terpenoid inchoation compounds, as well as aromatic and aliphatic components. Since the Middle Ages, essential oils have been utilized for antibacterial, biocidal, anti-fungal, antiprotozoal, and antifeedant purposes, as well as painkiller, calming, anti-inflammatory, anti-spasmodic, and locally anesthetic therapy.

However, little is understood about how essential oils function. Plant oils and extracts' antimicrobial characteristics have served as the foundation for a variety of enterprises, including pharmaceuticals, alternative medicine, and herbal treatments.

Keywords: Essential oils, Pharmacological and industrial applications, medicinal uses.

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