Applications of Ionic Liquids in the Oil Industry: Towards A Sustainable Industry

Ionic Liquids as Inhibitors of Hydrate Formation in Deepwater Wells

Author(s): Rafael Martínez Palou and Natalya V. Likhanova

Pp: 122-139 (18)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815079579123010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The extraction of crude oil in deep waters represents a major technological challenge. One of the most common problems in these oil and gas extraction conditions is the formation of gas hydrates that can cause plugging and hinder the transportation of crude oil. For this reason, great efforts have been made in the development of hydrate inhibitors, among which ILs have shown to be a very promising alternative. In this chapter, the development and evaluation of ILs as hydrate inhibitors are discussed. 

Keywords: Anti-agglomerant, Clusters, Deepwater, Imidazolium, Ionic liquids, Hydrate inhibitors, Long alkyl chain, Low temperature, Low toxicity, Methane, Oil, Pyridinium.

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