The wax moth infestation can be controlled with various physical, chemical,
and biological methods. As the wax moth is a typical lepidopteran insect that is
poikilothermic, exposing multiple developmental stages and imagoes to extremely low
and higher temperatures can provide a solution for the specific pest infestation.
Additionally, divergent pesticides targeting the nervous system, respiratory system,
developmental regulation, and general insect physiology further solve the problem. The
biological control measures include the application of various micro-organisms or their
secreted products that can help regulate the insect population. The present chapter
highlights primary methods for regulating the wax moth infestation with divergent
strategies to reduce economic loss to apiculture.