Medicinal Plants have secondary metabolites containing various
phytoconstituents. Traditionally, medicinal plants are used in several diseases like
cancer, diabetes, neurodegenerative disorder, etc. Flavonoids, Tannin, Phenols,
Phenylpropanoids, Isoprenoids, and alkaloids are present in several medicinal plants,
which play a very important role to promote health benefits and defensiveness for other
disorders. Neurological disorders are prone to the elderly and difficult to treat. Several
medicinal plants have been recognized as beneficial in neurological disorders. Various
types of plant extract and formulations are present in ancient texts, which are effective
in such disorders and should be explored scientifically to mitigate neurodegenerative
disorders. In this chapter, we will focus on South Indian medicinal plants which are
effective in neurological disorders or have neuroprotective properties.
Keywords: Anti-oxidant, Medicinal plants, Neuroprotective activity, Secondary metabolites, South India.