Passive Location Method Based on Phase Difference Measurement

Passive Detection Method Based on Phase-frequency Conversion

Author(s): Tao Yu

Pp: 196-215 (20)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815079425122010009

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


On the basis of the existing research, the passive detection method based on Doppler shift is further converted to the passive detection method based on the non-fuzzy phase difference measurement. Based on the phase-frequency conversion, the passive detection methods of two different models, that is a method of detecting a fixed target by a moving station, are presented in this chapter for improving the ranging accuracy. The first one studies the single station passive ranging method which takes the motion trajectory as the baseline of the detection array. The second one studies the ranging method which transforms the single base array into the virtual double base array by the relation between frequency shift and path difference. The research in this chapter provides some reference information on how to improve the performance of single or dual station passive positioning. This chapter proves that the accuracy of the phase difference ranging is better than that of the Doppler frequency difference. The significance of phase-frequency conversion lies in the first use of Doppler positioning method to give the location method which is difficult to obtain by using the phase difference equation, and then through phase-frequency conversion, further obtain better measurement accuracy than Doppler frequency difference measurement. 

Keywords: Motion trajectory, Phase-frequency conversion, Single station passive ranging, Doppler rate, Short baseline array, Virtual double-basis linear array, Airborne passive positioning, DF, Frequency difference, Path difference, Doppler shift.

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