Antibiotic Alternatives in Poultry and Fish Feed

The Role of Antimicrobial Peptides (AMPs) in Aquaculture Farming

Author(s): Mohammed A. E. Naiel*, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack*, Amlan Kumar Patra and Mahmoud Alagawany

Pp: 215-235 (21)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815049015122010016

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


 Antimicrobial peptides (AMPs) are the vital constituents that stimulate the innate immune defense system against pathogens and perform several biological activities, which provide the first defensive line against infectious diseases. Owing to their unique structure, they can be utilized as a therapeutic strategy for infectious diseases in fishes. Several kinds of AMPs are reported in fishes with broad-spectrum antimicrobial properties. Besides, the bacterial cells cannot develop resistance strains against these cationic compounds with low molecular weight. Thus, AMPs may be considered an alternative to antibiotics to prevent or control infectious diseases in aquaculture. It is essential to provide sufficient knowledge about the mode of action of AMPs against fish pathogenic agents and their future applications. 

Keywords: AMPs, Antibiotics, Antifungal, Antimicrobial, Antiparasitic, Antiviral.

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