Antibiotic Alternatives in Poultry and Fish Feed

Clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and its Derivatives in Poultry Feed

Author(s): Mahmoud Alagawany*, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack*, Muhammad Saeed, Shaaban S. Elnesr and Mayada R. Farag

Pp: 66-79 (14)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815049015122010008

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Production of safe and healthy poultry diets of high profitability is the central aim of poultry men. This safety is achieved by using natural products as growth stimulants. Natural feed additives such as medicinal products derived from herbs and spices are mainly used in the poultry feed industry as appetite and enzyme secretion stimulants. The use of clove (Syzygium aromaticum) and its derivatives has lately received much greater attention as an alternative to traditional antibiotics. The clove exhibited strong antibacterial, antioxidant, anti-septic and anti-inflammatory properties and appetite and digestion stimulants. The clove and its derivatives contain bioactive components, including eugenol, eugenyl acetate, ᵦ-caryophyllene, salicylic acid, ferulic acid, caffeic acid, ellagic acid, kaempferol, methyl amyl ketone, humulene, gallotannic acid, and crategolic acid that have beneficial effects. Eugenol is the main bioactive component present in the clove. The potential advantages of utilizing clove extracts in poultry diets include improved growth performance, egg production and feed conversion ratio, enhanced digestion, and down-regulated disease incidence. From the available literature, clove and its essential oil is one of the beneficial plant extracts to increase growth performance in poultry by improving the intestinal microbiota population. Clove extract contains various molecules (principally eugenol) that have self-biological activities in poultry physiology and metabolism. This chapter includes information on clove and its derivatives in poultry nutrition.

Keywords: Antibacterial, Antioxidant, Clove, Eugenol, Poultry nutrition

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy