Antibiotic Alternatives in Poultry and Fish Feed

Use of Cinnamon and its Derivatives in Poultry Nutrition

Author(s): Rana M. Bilal, Faiz ul Hassan, Majed Rafeeq, Mayada R. Farag, Mohamed E. Abd El-Hack*, Mahmoud Madkour and Mahmoud Alagawany *

Pp: 52-65 (14)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815049015122010007

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The recent trend toward banning the use of antibiotics in poultry feed as a growth promoter directs the scientific community to look for natural alternatives with potential growth-promoting and immunomodulating properties. Phytogenic feed additives have attracted significant attention as alternatives to antibiotics to improve growth performance and enhance immune responses. They have anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antiviral, and antifungal properties, depending on their chemical structure and composition. Scientists are using these non-conventional ingredients as feed additives in the form of oil or powder. Essential oils (EO) are volatile liquids produced from aromatic plants. Their application has gained momentum in controlling cholesterol as free radical scavengers, anti-microbials, antifungals, and stimulants of digestive enzymes. EO's possible antimicrobial features against harmful pathogens are primarily associated with the high content of volatile components in oils. The current chapter highlights the beneficial impact of cinnamon oil as a feed additive on poultry growth performance, meat quality, carcass traits, and its hypo-cholesterolaemic impact, antioxidant act, microbiological aspects, and immunomodulatory effects.

Keywords: Cinnamon, Essential oil, Hypo-cholesterolaemic property, an antibiotic alternative, Poultry

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