An intelligent transportation system (ITS) is a well-developed program that
aims to provide innovative assistance in identifying various methods of transportation
and traffic management. It is empowering clients to be better educated and make more
secure, increasingly prepared, and 'more intelligent utilization of transport systems.
Internet of Vehicles (IoV) is a rising idea in ITS to upgrade the current abilities of
Vehicular Ad-hoc Networks by incorporating them into the Internet of Things. IoV has
commanded the vehicular frameworks because of various exceptional characteristics
like dominant topographic network structures, massive network proportion, consistent
internet connection, a similarity of individual gadgets, and elevated handling ability.
An intelligent transportation framework includes a gigantic measure of transforming
real-time critical information, in which security plays a significant part. In this chapter,
an investigation of IoV and VANETs has been conducted, with distinctive security
aspects of IoV being emphasized, incorporating security requirements, security risks,
and security attacks. Finally, persisting current lightweight cryptographic security
solutions for IoV related attacks are summarized.
Keywords: Intelligent Transportation Systems, Internet of Things, Internet of Vehicles, Light-weight Cryptography, Mitigation Schemes, Security attacks, Security Requirements, Security Risks, V2X Communication, Vehicular ad-hoc networks.