Climate change is one of the minacious threats that is affecting agricultural
production and food security the most. Agriculture is significantly involved in
contributing to global warming with the use of chemical fertilizers. Soil
microorganisms play an important role in several ecological processes in soil, such as
the cycling of nutrients, nitrogen fixation, nitrification/denitrification, decomposition of
organic matter, and mineralization/immobilization. These processes, carried out by
microorganisms, are one of the most important components of organic farming.
Climatic shifts are causing floods, droughts, and unseasonal rainfall and are showing
potentially devastating effects on agricultural yields. Hence, there is an urgent need to
develop strategies to make our farming systems more resilient to the consequences of
climate change. This chapter presents the synergistic advantages of organic farming
and the role of soil microbes, which could be effective climate change adaptation
strategies for the agriculture sector, and will give information on the importance of soil
microorganisms in organic farming.