Emerging Trends in Veterinary Virology

Feline Rabies

Author(s): Paulo Eduardo Brandão *

Pp: 53-60 (8)

DOI: 10.2174/9789815036961122010006

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


Rabies lyssavirus (RABV) is the main lyssavirus involved in rabies, a 100%
lethal zoonotic acute encephalitis. Cats, like other mammals, are susceptible to the
disease, and this is an emerging concern regarding feline health and Public Health as
rabid cats might transmit the disease to humans. Transmission to cats occurs from other
cats or canids, but bats are of growing concern as reservoirs to feline rabies. Upon
infection, RABV spreads via axons to the central nervous system (CNS) and leads to
either the paralytic or the furious form of the disease, depending on the immune
response and the virus strain. A definitive diagnosis is based on immunofluorescence
and virus isolation in cell cultures or mice using post-mortem samples of CNS; PCR is
of value in cases of poorly conserved samples and DNA sequencing is of uttermost
importance for the molecular epidemiology of rabies. Vaccination using an inactivated
virus is the core preventive measure regarding cats.

Keywords: Cats, Diagnosis, Epidemiology, Prevention, Rabies.

Related Journals
Related Books
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy