The increasing population and altered lifestyle have led to the increase of
diseases and, correspondingly, the number of hospitals and medical facilities. This rise
has led to increased generation of waste of biomedical origin generated from hospitals.
Biomedical waste is hazardous, and if left untreated, it can cause serious health
hazards. Physical and chemical methods are traditionally employed for the treatment of
biomedical waste, which do not eliminate the toxicants and release hazardous gases.
Thus, these processes are not environment-friendly. This chapter detailed the use of
microbial-aided remediation techniques for the removal of biomedical wastes. The
recent development during the last decades in the eco-friendly treatment of biomedical
waste suggests that extensive studies are needed to address this issue which is
becoming a global concern.
Keywords: Biomedical waste, Bioremediation, Environment, Hospitals.