Demystifying COVID-19: Understanding the Disease, Its Diagnosis and Treatment

Risks and Losses of Healthcare Workers in the Pandemic Era

Author(s): Ozgur Karcioglu*, Selman Yeniocak and Mandana Hosseinzadeh

Pp: 54-70 (17)

DOI: 10.2174/9781681087788121010005

* (Excluding Mailing and Handling)


The rapid spread of the disease has strained the health system and increased the risk of infection on healthcare workers (HCW). HCW is the group with the highest risk of transmission among all professions. Within COVID-19 deaths, HCW is overrepresented when compared to all other groups. The prevalence of the disease in the general population maintains a certain correlation with the prevalence in HCW. Resuscitative interventions and airway procedures that trigger aerosolization pose the greatest risk for disease transmission to HCW. Therefore, the use of PPE is vital. Proper training and education of HCW are invaluable in this pandemic era. Since the viral load taken in these procedures is higher than the contamination outdoors, it can be thought that the disease progresses more severe ly in the HCW than the others. In case of all viral outbreaks, hospitals should prepare and follow strict guidelines regarding ventilation of the workplaces and contact precautions.

Keywords: Aerosolization, COVID-19, Healthcare professionals, Healthcare workers, Nosocomial spread, Outbreak, Pandemic, Transmission.

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