Nowadays, agricultural genomics, or agrigenomics (the application of genomics in agriculture), continues to drive sustainable productivity and offer solutions to the mounting challenges of feeding the global population. Omic sciences (genomics, transcriptomics, proteomics, metabolomics) open today opportunities to create plants with high yields, independently of biotic and abiotic stresses. Plant genomic research, genome-wide computational tools and association analyses can assist in the identification of Resistance gene analogs (RGAs) from strategic plant species, and the detection of disease resistance QTLs. This chapter summarizes some of the large-scale genomic tools and studies that have clarified the plant – pathogen interactions.
Keywords: Plant Genomic Research, Computational Analyses, Genome-Wide Analyses, Big Biological Data, Agrigenomics, Biotic Stresses, R-gene Analogs (RGAs), NBS-LRR-encoding Genes, TILLING, RNA-seq, GWAS.