Hypertension is a major health problem and its incidence was rapidly growing from urban and rural communities. The narrowed arteries can reduce the blood flow in the arteries due to this condition the development of pressure can increase the blood flowing capacity in the arteries is called arterial blood pressure. Patients who are diagnosed with more than 140/90 mmHg reading is known as hypertension. Uncontrolled blood pressure can damage the various vital organs which include cardiac, retinal, renal, neurological diseases. The reduction of systolic and diastolic blood pressure can lower the occurrence of cardiovascular disease. Various pharmacological classes of drugs are available for the treatment of high blood pressure includes beta blockers, diuretics, angiotensin receptor blockers, calcium channel blockers, central sympatholytics, alpha blockers, angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors, vasodilator drugs can lower the progression of hypertensive complications in the health care.