Eating habits and modern society have made diabetes a global concern and those who suffer from it are a vulnerable population due to adverse health consequences and functioning limitations. However, prevention and disease management help maintaining quality of life. This chapter brings together professionals from different scientific fields who have embarked on extensive bibliographical research, merging scientific evidence with professional experience. It is possible to verify that the interprofessional work benefits the patient with diabetes, articulating nursing care, nutritional education, practise of adjusted physical activity and the adaptation of environments, occupations and activities supervised by an Occupational Therapist. It is intended that the reader seizes the knowledge of different professionals, use it to their own advantage and help those who need it.
Keywords: Cognitive decline, Diabetes, Dementia, Dietetics and Nutrition, Nursing, Occupational Therapy, Physical exercise, Self-management.