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Infectious Disorders - Drug Targets


ISSN (Print): 1871-5265
ISSN (Online): 2212-3989

Case Studies

A Case of Subcutaneous Phaeohyphomycosis Associated with Leprosy

Author(s): Márcia M. R. Teixeira, Claudia B. Assunção, Sandra Lyon, Renata R. Gomes, Hyllo B.M. Junior, Fabiana Rocha-Silva, Sônia M. de Figueiredo, Amanda Sanchez Machado, Elen R.R. Teixeira, Adriana S. Carneiro, Rogério J.M.B. Júnior, Vânia A. Vicente and Rachel B. Caligiorne*

Volume 17, Issue 3, 2017

Page: [223 - 226] Pages: 4

DOI: 10.2174/1871526517666170530124905

Price: $65


Background: Subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis is an infection caused by melanized fungi and is increasingly reported among immunosuppressive patients. The most commonly cited etiologic agent is Exophiala jeanselmei, followed by Alternaria spp. We present a case of subcutaneous phaeohyphomycosis in a 48-yearold woman, with a history of lepromatous leprosy, using corticosteroid in immunosuppressive doses due to a type 2 repetitive reaction leprosy outbreak.

Result and Discussion: The diagnosis was confirmed by fine-needle aspiration of the secretion, with subsequent direct mycological observations, culture and molecular analysis. The species agent was identified by culture and nucleotide sequences of ribosomal DNA as Exophiala dermatitidis.

Keywords: Dermatomycoses, leprosy, phaeohyphomycosis, Exophiala dermatitidis, mycological, DNA.

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