Generic placeholder image

Current Pharmaceutical Design


ISSN (Print): 1381-6128
ISSN (Online): 1873-4286

Review Article

Smoking and Eye Pathologies. A Systemic Review. Part I. Anterior Eye Segment Pathologies

Author(s): Malgorzata Nita and Andrzej Grzybowski

Volume 23, Issue 4, 2017

Page: [629 - 638] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1381612822666161129152041

Price: $65


Background: Tobacco smoking has detrimental influence on human health and is one of the leading causes of preventable mortality worldwide, associated with lung cancer, chronic obstructive lung disease and cardiovascular disease.

Aim: The analysis of the influence of tobacco smoking on pathology of the anterior segment of the eye in adults and children.

Methods: A comprehensive review of the literature performed through MEDLINE and PubMed searches, was published during the period 2000-2016.

Results: In adults, tobacco smoking is associated with hyperopia, delayed corneal epithelial healing and progression of Fuchs’ endothelial corneal dystrophy. Smoking is a strong risk factor for age-related nuclear cataract. However, smoking is not associated with pterygium, and its influence on dry eye symptoms, central corneal thickness and progression of primary open glaucoma remains controversial. Smoking during pregnancy increases risk of convergent or divergent strabismus or poor stereo acuity, however, its influence on anophtalmia, microphtalmia, amblyopia and hyperopic refractive error is controversial.

Conclusion: Tobacco smoking plays an important role in the pathogenesis of many diseases of anterior eye segment leading to visual impairment in adults and children.

Keywords: Tobacco smoking, refraction, cornea, cataract, glaucoma, adults, children.

Rights & Permissions Print Cite
© 2024 Bentham Science Publishers | Privacy Policy