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Reviews on Recent Clinical Trials

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1574-8871
ISSN (Online): 1876-1038

Recent Clinical Evidence in Bisphosphonate-related Osteomyelitis of the Jaw: Focus on Risk, Prevention and Treatment

Author(s): Toru Yamazaki, Katsu Takahashi and Kazuhisa Bessho

Volume 9, Issue 1, 2014

Page: [37 - 52] Pages: 16

DOI: 10.2174/1574887109666140423120614

Price: $65

Abstract

Bisphosphonates (BPs) are widely used for the treatment of a range of conditions involving bone, such as osteoporosis and bone metastases of cancer, and their efficacy has been confirmed. Nevertheless, a first case of bisphosphonate- related osteonecrosis of the jaw (BRONJ) as an adverse effect of BP treatment was reported in 2003, and several clinical studies since then have elaborated the risk, prevention and treatment of BRONJ or bisphosphonate-related osteomyelitis of the jaw (BROMJ). However, effective decision making on BP risk is hampered by a lack of accurate information for patients, physicians or dentists. Furthermore, the narrow definition of BRONJ used to date has precluded the wider development of clinical research on risk.

In this review, we discuss current issues in BROMJ, with a focus on risk, prevention and treatment. In particular, we reconsider the definition of BRONJ from the standpoint of clinical evidence. Finally, we propose a new strategy for the treatment of BROMJ.

Keywords: Absolute risk, bisphosphonate, osteonecrosis of the jaw, prevention, prognosis, relative risk, risk factors, treatment.


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