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Mini-Reviews in Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1389-5575
ISSN (Online): 1875-5607

Review Article

Structural Perspectives in the Development of Novel EGFR Inhibitors for the Treatment of NSCLC

Author(s): Rahul Makhija, Anushka Sharma, Rahul Dubey and Vivek Asati*

Volume 24, Issue 19, 2024

Published on: 04 April, 2024

Page: [1746 - 1783] Pages: 38

DOI: 10.2174/0113895575296174240323172754

Price: $65

Abstract

Non-small cell Lung cancer (NSCLC) is the most common type of lung cancer, which is caused by high consumption of tobacco and smoking. It is an epithelial lung cancer that affects about 2.2 million people across the globe, according to International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC). Non-small cell lung cancer is a malignant tumor caused by EGFR mutation that occurs in the in-frame deletion of exon 19 and L858R point mutation in exon 21. Presently, clinically available inhibitors of EGFR (including erlotinib, lapatinib, gefitinib, selumetinib, etc.) are not specific and responsible for undesirable adverse effects. Moreover, to solve this problem search for newer EGFR inhibitors is the utmost need for the treatment and/or management of increasing lung cancer burden. The discovery of therapeutic agents that inhibit the specific target in tumorous cells, such as EGFR, is one of the successful strategies in treating many cancer therapies, including lung cancer. The exhaustive literature survey (2018-2023) has shown the importance of medicinally privileged pyrimidine derivatives together, fused and/or clubbed with other heterocyclic rings to design and develop novel EGFR inhibitors. Pyrimidine derivatives substituted with phenylamine, indole, pyrrole, piperazine, pyrazole, thiophene, pyridine and quinazoline derivatives substituted with phenylamine, pyrimidine, morpholine, pyrrole, dioxane, acrylamide, indole, pyridine, furan, pyrimidine, pyrazole etc. are privileged heterocyclic rings shown promising activity by inhibiting EGFR and TKIs. The present review summarizes the structure-activity relationship (SAR) and enzyme inhibitory activity, including IC50 values, percentage inhibition, and kinetic studies of potential compounds from various literature. The review also includes various aspects of molecular docking studies with compounds under clinical trials and patents filed on pyrimidine-based EGFR inhibitors in treating non-small cell lung cancer. The present review may benefit the medicinal chemist for developing novel compounds such as EGFR inhibitors.

Keywords: Pyrimidine derivatives, EGFR inhibitor, Non-small cell lung cancer, molecular hybrids, SAR.

Graphical Abstract

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