Introduction: In the present study, we have examined different aspects and potentials of stem cells for the management of patients infected with COVID-19.
Background: The novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) has been reported in most of the countries and territories (>230) of the world with 686 million confirmed cases (as of Apr. 22, 2023). While the scientific community is working to develop vaccines and develop drugs against the COVID-19 pandemic, novel alternative therapies may reduce the mortality rate. Recently, the application of stem cells for critically ill COVID-19 patients in a small group of patients has been examined.
Methods: We searched PubMed, Web of Science, and Google Scholar up to July 2022. Those studies that reviewed COVID-19 and cell therapy potentials were entered into the study. Moreover, some recently published patents were exploited and reviewed. Patentscope, USPTO, Espacenet, Free Patents Online, and Google Patents were used for patent searches.
Results: Cell-based therapy as a modality of regenerative medicine is considered one of the most promising disciplines in the fields of modern science and medicine. Such an advanced technology offers endless possibilities for transformative and potentially curative treatments for some of the most life-threatening diseases. This therapeutic tool can be useful to reduce the rate of mortality. There have been several published patents for different stem cell therapy platforms in recent years.
Conclusion: Stem cell therapy could be considered a safe and effective therapeutic strategy to reduce death cases in patients infected with COVID-19. Besides, stem cell therapy might increase the pulmonary functions in the patients, it suppresses the occurring inflammations and ameliorates the symptoms.