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Recent Advances in Computer Science and Communications


ISSN (Print): 2666-2558
ISSN (Online): 2666-2566

Research Article

A Comprehensive Model Incorporating Multiple Spatial Relations in 3D Space

Author(s): Weiguang Liu, Mengmeng Li*, Yuanyuan Zhao, Jixun Gao, Miao Wang and Zhenxi Fang

Volume 16, Issue 8, 2023

Published on: 06 September, 2023

Article ID: e150823219695 Pages: 13

DOI: 10.2174/2666255816666230815094558


Aims: A Comprehensive Model Incorporating Multiple Spatial Relations in 3D Space.

Background: At present, the research on two-dimensional spatial relation expression and inference models is relatively mature, but these models cannot be used to deal with three-dimensional spatial orientation relations. With the application of spatial orientation relations, threedimensional spatial orientation relations are involved in many fields such as urban architectural design, robotics, image processing, etc. Two-dimensional spatial orientation relations models cannot satisfy the needs of three-dimensional spatial applications, so there is an urgent need to research three-dimensional spatial object orientation relations expression and inference models.

Objective: This work aims to provide a comprehensive model incorporating multiple spatial relations in 3D space. The joint representation of direction, distance, and topological relations describes more complex spatial position relations among objects.

Method: Based on this comprehensive model, the computational properties of interval algebra are used to combine the directional and topological relations.

Result: The study lays a good foundation for the formal representation and reasoning of spatial relations between regions, enhances the analyzability of spatial relations between objects, and improves the accuracy of spatial analysis.

Conclusion: The main novel contribution of this paper is that we propose a comprehensive orientation relation model, called 3D-TRD, which considers three spatial orientation relations simultaneously. The paper gives examples to represent the position relations of two spatial objects by comparing the RCC8 model, the 3DR46 model, and the comprehensive model to highlight the advantages of our proposed model. Based on the model, the bidirectional mapping association method is also used to represent the location of the spatial objects. The first advantage of the 3DTRD model is that it represents spatial location relations more accurately than 3DR46, RCC8, and five qualitative distances. The second advantage of the 3D-TRD model is that it proposes a bidirectional mapping representation in three-dimensional space. The third advantage of the 3DTRD model is that it provides a good basis for the formal representation and inference study of the spatial relations between regions.

Keywords: Spatial relation reasoning, 3DR46 model, algebra theory, direction relation, distance relation, topological relation, spatial database.

Graphical Abstract
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