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Current Medicinal Chemistry

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 0929-8673
ISSN (Online): 1875-533X

Research Article

Simple Synthesis of [18F] AV-45 and its Clinical Application in the Diagnosis of Alzheimer's Disease

Author(s): Qi-Zhou Zhang, Nazi Yilihamu, Yu-Bin Li, Xiao-Hong Li and Yong-De Qin*

Volume 31, Issue 10, 2024

Published on: 19 September, 2023

Page: [1278 - 1288] Pages: 11

DOI: 10.2174/0929867331666230731123226

Abstract

Objective: [18F] AV-45 can be produced in a simple, stable, and repeatable manner on the Tracerlab FXF-N platform using a self-editing synthetic procedure and solid-phase extraction purification method. This technique is applied to positron emission tomography (PET) imaging of Alzheimer's disease (AD) to observe its distribution and characteristics in various brain regions and its diagnostic efficiency for the disease.

Methods: The precursor was subjected to nucleophilic radiofluorination at 120°C in anhydrous dimethyl sulfoxide, followed by acid hydrolysis of the protecting groups. The neutralized reaction mixture was purified by solid phase extraction to obtain a relatively pure [18F] AV-45 product with a high specific activity. A total of 10 participants who were diagnosed with Alzheimer's disease (AD group) and 10 healthy controls (HC group) were included retrospectively. All of them underwent [18F] AV-45 brain PET/CT imaging. The distribution of [18F] AV-45 in the AD group was analyzed visually and semi-quantitatively.

Results: Six consecutive radiochemical syntheses were performed in this experiment. The average production time of [18F] AV-45 was 52 minutes, the radiochemical yield was 14.2 % ± 2.7% (n = 6), and the radiochemical purity was greater than 95%. When used with PET/CT imaging, the results of the visual analysis indicated increased [18F] AV-45 radioactivity uptake in the frontal, temporal, and parietal lobes in AD patients. Semiquantitative analysis showed the highest diagnostic efficacy in the posterior cingulate gyrus compared with other brain regions (P < 0.001).

Conclusion: Intravenous [18F] AV-45 was successfully prepared on the Tracerlab FXF-N platform by solid-phase extraction of crude product and automated radiochemical synthesis. PET/CT imaging can be used to diagnose and evaluate AD patients and provide a more robust basis for clinicians to diagnose AD.

Keywords: Automated synthesis, [18F] AV-45, PET/CT, solid phase purification, Alzheimer's disease, positron emission tomography.

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