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Current Drug Delivery


ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Review Article

Nanocarrier Mediated Intranasal Drug Delivery Systems for the Management of Parkinsonism: A Review

Author(s): Archita Kapoor, Abdul Hafeez* and Poonam Kushwaha

Volume 21, Issue 5, 2024

Published on: 16 June, 2023

Page: [709 - 725] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1567201820666230523114259

Price: $65


The transport of drugs to the brain becomes a key concern when treating disorders of the central nervous system. Parkinsonism is one of the major concerns across the world populations, which causes difficulty in coordination and balance. However, the blood-brain barrier is a significant barrier to achieving optimal brain concentration through oral, transdermal, and intravenous routes of administration. The intranasal route with nanocarrier-based formulations has shown potential for managing Parkinsonism disorder (PD). Direct delivery to the brain through the intranasal route is possible via the olfactory and trigeminal pathways using drug-loaded nanotechnology-based drug delivery systems. The critical analysis of reported works demonstrates dose reduction, brain targeting, safety, effectiveness, and stability for drug-loaded nanocarriers. The important aspects of intranasal drug delivery, PD details, and nanocarrier-based intranasal formulations in PD management with a discussion of physicochemical characteristics, cell line studies, and animal studies are the major topics in this review. Patent reports and clinical investigations are summarized in the last sections.

Keywords: Intranasal drug delivery, Parkinson’s disease, blood-brain barrier, polymeric nanoparticles, nanostructured lipid carriers, brain targeting.

Graphical Abstract
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