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Current Drug Delivery

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Research Article

Roxithromycin and rhEGF Co-loaded Reactive Oxygen Species Responsive Nanoparticles for Accelerating Wound Healing

Author(s): Jun Ding, Dan Chen, Jun Hu, Dinglin Zhang, Yajun Gou* and Yaguang Wu*

Volume 21, Issue 5, 2024

Published on: 15 June, 2023

Page: [753 - 762] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1567201820666230512103750

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: Bacterial infection can delay wound healing and is therefore a major threat to public health. Although various strategies have been developed to treat bacterial infections, antibiotics remain the best option to combat infections. The inclusion of growth factors in the treatment approach can also accelerate wound healing. The co-delivery of antibiotics and growth factors for the combined treatment of wounds needs further investigation.

Objective: Here we aimed to develop antibiotic and growth factor co-loaded nanoparticles (NPs) to treat Staphylococcus aureus-infected wounds.

Methods: By using our previously prepared reactive oxygen species-responsive material (Oxi-αCD), roxithromycin (ROX)-loaded NPs (ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs) and recombinant human epidermal growth factor (rhEGF)/ROX co-loaded NPs (rhEGF/ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs) were successfully fabricated. The in vivo efficacy of this prepared nanomedicine was evaluated in mice with S. aureus-infected wounds.

Results: ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs and rhEGF/ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs had a spherical structure and their particle sizes were 164 ± 5 nm and 190 ± 8 nm, respectively. The in vitro antibacterial experiments showed that ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs had a lower minimum inhibitory concentration than ROX. The in vivo animal experiments demonstrated that rhEGF/ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs could significantly accelerate the healing of S. aureus-infected wounds as compared to the free ROX drug and ROX/Oxi-αCD NPs (P < 0.05).

Conclusion: ROX and rhEGF co-loaded NPs can effectively eliminate bacteria in wounds and accelerate wound healing. Our present work could provide a new strategy to combat bacteria-infected wounds.

Keywords: Bacteria-infected wounds, roxithromycin, recombinant human epidermal growth factor, nanomedicine, reactive oxygen species, Staphylococcus aureus.

Graphical Abstract
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