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Current Computer-Aided Drug Design

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1573-4099
ISSN (Online): 1875-6697

Research Article

Investigation on the Anticancer Activity of [6]-Gingerol of Zingiber officinale and its Structural Analogs against Skin Cancer

Author(s): Monisha Adikesavan, Praveena Athiraja* and Monisha Baby Babu Divakar

Volume 20, Issue 4, 2024

Published on: 03 May, 2023

Page: [367 - 373] Pages: 7

DOI: 10.2174/1573409919666230418095105

Price: $65

Abstract

Introduction: Skin cancer is the most common type of cancer caused by the uncontrolled growth of abnormal cells in the epidermis and the outermost skin layer.

Aim: This study aimed to study the anti-skin cancer potential of [6]-Gingerol and 21 related structural analogs using in vitro and in silico studies.

Methods: The ethanolic crude extract of the selected plant was subjected to phytochemical and GC-MS analysis to confirm the presence of the [6]-gingerol. The anticancer activity of the extract was evaluated by MTT (3-[4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-y]-2, 5-diphenyl tetrazolium bromide) assay using the A431 human skin adenocarcinoma cell line.

Results: The GC-MS analysis confirmed the presence of [6]-Gingerol compound, and its promising cytotoxicity IC50 was found at 81.46 ug/ml in the MTT assay. Furthermore, the in silico studies used [6]-Gingerol and 21 structural analogs collected from the PubChem database to investigate the anticancer potential and drug-likeliness properties. Skin cancer protein, DDX3X, was selected as a target that regulates all stages of RNA metabolism. It was docked with 22 compounds, including [6]-Gingerol and 21 structural analogs. The potent lead molecule was selected based on the lowest binding energy value.

Conclusion: Thus, the [6]-Gingerol and its structure analogs could be used as lead molecules against skin cancer and future drug development process.

Keywords: Skin cancer, lead compounds, Zingiber officinale, anticancer, molecular docking, [6]-Gingerol.

Graphical Abstract
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