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Current Drug Delivery

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 1567-2018
ISSN (Online): 1875-5704

Review Article

Engineered Clay-Polymer Composite for Biomedical Drug Delivery and Future Challenges: A Survey

Author(s): Rakesh Swain, Souvik Nandi, Sujata Mohapatra and Subrata Mallick*

Volume 21, Issue 5, 2024

Published on: 05 May, 2023

Page: [645 - 661] Pages: 17

DOI: 10.2174/1567201820666230410110206

Price: $65

Abstract

Clay materials are widely used in drug delivery systems due to their unique characteristics. Montmorillonite is a major component of bentonite and it has a large surface area, better swelling capacity, and high adsorption capacity. The modification of natural bentonite could improve its sorption ability for new emerging applications. Recent advancements in the polymer-silicate composite have novel biomedical applications in drug delivery, tissue regeneration, wound healing, cancer therapy, enzyme immobilization, diagnostic and therapeutic devices, etc. Perspective view of the montmorillonite- polymer composite as a pharmaceutical carrier in drug delivery systems has been discussed in this review. Different types of modification of montmorillonite for the development of pharmaceutical formulations have also been documented. Many challenges in clay nanocomposite systems of polymer of natural/synthetic origin are yet to be explored in improving antimicrobial properties, mechanical strength, stimuli responsiveness, resistance to hydrolysis, etc. Drug interaction and binding capability, swelling of clay may be carried out for finding possible applications in monitoring delivery systems. Pharmaceutical properties of active drugs in the formulation could also be improved along with dissolution rate, solubility, and adsorption. The clay-incorporated polymeric drug delivery systems may be examined for a possible increase in swelling capacity and residence time after mucosal administration.

Keywords: Engineered clay minerals, polymer-clay nanocomposites, biomedical application, drug delivery, mineralogical composition, phyllosilicate.

Graphical Abstract
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