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Current Vascular Pharmacology


ISSN (Print): 1570-1611
ISSN (Online): 1875-6212

Review Article

Significance of Beta-Blocker in Patients with Hypertensive Left Ventricular Hypertrophy and Myocardial Ischemia

Author(s): Goran Koracevic, Slađana Mićić, Milovan Stojanovic*, Nenad Bozinovic, Dragan Simic, Dragan Lović, Nebojsa Krstic and Ružica Janković Tomašević

Volume 21, Issue 2, 2023

Published on: 24 February, 2023

Page: [81 - 90] Pages: 10

DOI: 10.2174/1570161121666230201141215

Price: $65


Background: Arterial Hypertension (HTN) is a key risk factor for left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and a cause of ischemic heart disease (IHD). The association between myocardial ischemia and HTN LVH is strong because myocardial ischemia can occur in HTN LVH even in the absence of significant stenoses of epicardial coronary arteries.

Objective: To analyze pathophysiological characteristics/co-morbidities precipitating myocardial ischemia in patients with HTN LVH and provide a rationale for recommending beta-blockers (BBs) to prevent/treat ischemia in LVH.

Methods: We searched PubMed, SCOPUS, PubMed, Elsevier, Springer Verlag, and Google Scholar for review articles and guidelines on hypertension from 01/01/2000 until 01/05/2022. The search was limited to publications written in English.

Results: HTN LVH worsens ischemia in coronary artery disease (CAD) patients. Even without obstructive CAD, several pathophysiological mechanisms in HTN LVH can lead to myocardial ischemia. In the same guidelines that recommend BBs for patients with HTN and CAD, we could not find a single recommendation for BBs in patients with HTN LVH but without proven CAD. There are several reasons for the proposal of using some BBs to control ischemia in patients with HTN and LVH (even in the absence of obstructive CAD).

Conclusion: Some BBs ought to be considered to prevent/treat ischemia in patients with HTN LVH (even in the absence of obstructive CAD). Furthermore, LVH and ischemic events are important causes of ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, and sudden cardiac death; these events are another reason for recommending certain BBs for HTN LVH.

Keywords: Coronary artery disease, myocardial ischemia, arterial hypertension, beta-blockers, sudden cardiac death, ventricular tachycardia, ventricular fibrillation, left ventricular hypertrophy.

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