Background: Substance use disorders are highly prevalent among psychotic patients and are associated with poorer clinical outcomes.
Objective: This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of psychotic disorders in substance users and the epidemiological features of this population.
Materials and Methods: In a cross-sectional study, we investigated 455 outpatient and inpatient participants with SUD referred to the Iran psychiatric hospital from April, 2020, to March, 2021. All participants were substance users, referred to Iran psychiatric center to follow up on their comorbidities and psychiatric disorders. The Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-5 (SCID) was used for psychotic disorders and substance use disorder diagnoses. Finally, gathered data were analyzed by SPSS-25.
Results: A total of 455 patients were involved in the study. The mean age was 34.66 years, of which 89.7% were men. The most common main substances include methamphetamine (39.1%) and heroin (27%). The prevalence of psychotic disorder was 36.7%, and the most common type was substance-induced psychotic disorder (26.4%) and schizophrenia (8.4%). There was a significant association between methamphetamine and opium use and the presence of substance-induced psychotic disorder and schizophrenia, respectively (p ˂ 0.001).
Conclusion: The most common type of substance use was methamphetamine, and the most common type of psychotic disorder was substance-induced psychotic disorder. There was a significant association between methamphetamine and opium use and the presence of substance- induced psychotic disorder and schizophrenia, respectively. It should be noted that this was a sample of individuals hospitalized for substance abuse. It was not a general population sample and was very biased toward substance use.
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