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Current Psychiatry Research and Reviews

Editor-in-Chief

ISSN (Print): 2666-0822
ISSN (Online): 2666-0830

Systematic Review Article

Association Between COVID-19 Pandemic and Serious Mental Illness: Systematic Review within Salutogenesis Model for Public Health Management

Author(s): Sweta Kaman*, Ankita Sharma and Romi Banerjee

Volume 19, Issue 3, 2023

Published on: 19 September, 2022

Page: [241 - 261] Pages: 21

DOI: 10.2174/2666082218666220823153739

Price: $65

Abstract

Background: The outbreak of the COVID-19 pandemic, the constant transformation of the SARS-COV-2 virus form, exposure to substantial psychosocial stress, environmental change, and isolation have led to the inference that the overall population's mental health could be affected, resulting in an increase in cases of psychosis.

Objective: We initiated a systematic review to determine the impact of the SARS-COV-2 virus and its long-term effects - in both symptomatic and asymptomatic cases - on people with or without psychosis. We envisioned that this would give us an insight into effective clinical intervention methods for patients with psychosis during and after the pandemic.

Methods: We selected fifteen papers that met our inclusion criteria, i.e., those that considered participants with or without psychiatric illness and exposed to SARS-COV-2 infection, for this review and were retrieved via Google, Google Scholar, MEDLINE, PubMed, and PsychINFO Database.

Key Gap: There is a dearth of research in understanding how COVID-19 affects people with or without a prior personal history of psychosis.

Results: The systematic review summary provides insight into the state of knowledge. Insights from the systematic review have also been reviewed from the salutogenesis model's perspective. There is moderate evidence of new-onset psychosis during the COVID-19 pandemic in which some antipsychotics treated the psychotic symptoms of patients while treating for COVID-19. Suggestions and recommendations are made for preventive and promotive public health strategies.

Conclusion: The Salutogenesis model and Positive Psychology Interventions (PPI) provide another preventive and promotive public health management approach.

Keywords: COVID-19, serious mental illness (SMI), salutogenesis model, sense of coherence (SOC), public health management, SARS-COV-2.

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