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Anti-Infective Agents


ISSN (Print): 2211-3525
ISSN (Online): 2211-3533

Review Article

Recent Evidence-based Treatments for COVID-19: A Review

Author(s): Faraat Ali*, Varisha Anjum, Garima Chauhan, Asad Ali and Javed Ahamad

Volume 21, Issue 1, 2023

Published on: 05 October, 2022

Article ID: e100522204540 Pages: 15

DOI: 10.2174/2211352520666220510140802

Price: $65


Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) is a pandemic disease caused by SARS-COV-2 that primarily attacks the respiratory system of the host. This disease was first reported in early December 2019, and the World Health Organization (WHO) classified the ongoing COVID-19 outbreak as a pandemic disease-causing global public health emergency by mid-January 2020. The human-to-human transmission occurs by droplets, infected hands, or surfaces with an incubation time of 2-14 days. It displays signs and symptoms, and if the disease progresses, it leads to death. To avoid symptomatic symptoms or increase infection severity, early diagnosis, quarantine, and supportive care can help to cure the patient infected with COVID-19. Several attempts have been projected for the development of vaccines against COVID-19. As of July 2, 2021, 600 vaccine candidates worldwide were evaluated against SARS-CoV-2, of which 300 have reached the preclinical stage of their development. Presently, Moderna (mRNA-1273), Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute (LV-SMENP-DC), Shenzhen Geno-Immune Medical Institute (Pathogen specific APC), CanSino Biologicals (Ad5-nCoV), Inovio Pharmaceuticals (INO-4800) have plunged into the phase I/II clinical trials (Source: website; WHO). Scientists are increasingly seeking a key hide behind pathogenic pathways, epidemiological features, and future drug goals, which will lead to the development of successful strategies for prevention and treatment. Based on the current published data, we summarize the structure, life cycle of SARS-CoV-2 and the various product categories available as anti- COVID-19 agents (antiviral), with special emphasis on Chinese herbal medicines, which were licensed as anti-COVID agents by the Chinese Government. Such knowledge can be used as guidelines for COVID-19 clinical therapy.

Keywords: COVID-19, coronavirus, anti-COVID drugs, Chinese traditional medicine, chloroquine, herbal medicine.

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